Seasons & Weather in Korean – Know this for your next trip

In this article, we will be learning about how to say seasons in Korean. Possibly you’ve already checked our lesson for months in Korean, but we’ll also identify and describe what season takes place in those months.

If you’re in the search for things related to the Korean seasons and weather, this lesson is perfect for you. This may come in handy if you plan to visit the Land of the morning calm during a certain season. By the end of the lesson, you may very well be able to describe the seasons and even mark your calendar for these seasons in Korean!

Seasons in Korean

Seasons in Korean

Countries in the world have different types of seasons depending on their location. This is determined by certain temperatures, weather conditions, and most importantly, the Earth’s position in relation to the sun. But for this lesson, we’ll focus more on how to say words related to season in Korean!

How to say “seasons” in Korean?

There are different seasons in Korea but the Korean word for “season” is 계절 (gyejeol).

How many seasons are there in Korea?

Korea has four distinctive seasons, namely spring, summer, autumn, and winter. There are also many countries all over the world with four seasons like the United States and Japan.

What are the four seasons in Korean?

Now we know that there are four seasons in Korea. Let us now learn how to say and describe each of them in the Korean language. In addition, it is advantageous to know each season in the Korean language to explain your home country’s climate and different seasons (or lack of) to a Korean friend.

Spring in Korean

The word for spring in Korean is 봄 (bom). In Korea, it is a fairly short season, but a beautiful one when all the flowers, like the various tree blossoms, bloom.

Summer in Korean

여름 (yeoreum) is the term for summer in Korean. It’s hot and humid, with a monsoon season squeezed in, season in Korea. In the summertime, the perfect place for a quick summer getaway is the beach. Beach in Korean is called 해변 (haebyeon). While the sea or ocean in Korean is 바다 (bada).

Autumn in Korean

Another short but beautiful season in Korea is autumn, or 가을 (gaeul) in Korean. You would also use 가을 (gaeul) to say fall in Korean. It’s the time of year the mountainous country is filled with beautifully colored leaves.

Winter in Korean

The last (and first) season in the year, winter in Korean is called 겨울 (gyeoul). Lasting for around three months, temperatures drop in Korea in the wintertime. Snow in Korean, which is the first thing to come to mind when talking about winter is 눈 (nun). In many parts of Korea, it can be quite snowy during winter!

When do these seasons occur each year?

This question is often asked especially when people have travel plans to Korea. If you are visiting in a certain month and you need to know what season it will be, read on!

What months is spring in Korea?

Spring in Korea normally happens between April and June. It’s said to be the best time to visit because it’s when the temperature is just right and all the flowers bloom.

What months is summer in Korea?

The summer season is usually just from July to August. It’s short but it can get really hot and humid.

What months is autumn in Korea?

Autumn is another great time to travel to Korea which is between September to November. Chuseok or the Korean Thanksgiving is also celebrated during this season.

What months is winter in Korea?

If you plan to visit Korea to enjoy a variety of winter festivals, it’s best to go between December to March. Make sure to mark your calendar for this!

Weather in Korean

Great, now you know how to say the four seasons in Korean! So, let’s move on to the list below and learn some weather vocabulary in the Korean language with its English counterpart. With this vocabulary, it will also be possible to describe and understand daily forecasts.

Girl with Umbrella and Dog

climate기후 (gihu)
weather날씨 (nalssi)
forecast 예보 (yebo)
temperature 온도 (ondo)
below zero 영하 (yeongha)
비 (bi)
to rain 비가 오다 (biga oda)
rainy day 비오는 날 (bioneun nal)
폭우 (pogu)
cloud 구름 (gureum)
cloudy, overcast
흐리다 (heurida)
rain shower
소나기 (sonagi)
sunrise 동틀녘, 일출 (dongteullyeok, ilchul)
sunset 노을, 일몰, 석양, 해질녘 (noeul, ilmol, seongnyang, haejillyeok)
dry, arid
건조 (geonjo)
가뭄 (gamum)
습하다 (seupada)
춥다, 차갑다 (chupda, chagapda)
hot덥다 (deopda)
쌀쌀하다 (ssalssalhada)
heat 더위 (deowi)
폭염 (pongnyeom)
wind 바람 (baram)
windy day 바람 부는 날 (baram buneun nal)
fog, mist 안개 (angae)
foggy 안개가 끼다 (angaega kkida)
light breeze 남실바람, 경풍 (namsilbaram, gyeongpung)
천둥 (cheondung)
lightning 번개 (beongae)
thunderstorm 뇌우 (noeu)
snow 눈 (nun)
snowy day 눈 오는 날 (nun oneun nal)
snowstorm, blizzard 눈보라 (nunbora)
강설, 강설량 (gangseol, gangseollyang)
tropical 열대의 (yeoldaeui)
temperate, mild
온화하다 (onhwahada)
drizzle 보슬보슬 내리다 (boseulboseul naerida)
warm 따뜻하다, 포근하다 (ttatteuthada, pogeunhada)
hail 우박 (ubak)
storm 폭풍 (pokpung)
cold front 한랭 전선 (hallaeng jeonseon)
warm front 온난 전선 (onnan jeonseon)
ice storm 얼음 폭풍 (eoreum pokpung)
gust 돌풍 (dolpung)
whirlwind 돌개바람 (dolgaebaram)
air pressure 기압 (giap)
서리 (seori)
smog 연무 (yeonmu)
low pressure 저압 (jeoap)
wind chill
풍속 냉각 (pungsok naenggak)
진눈깨비 (jinnunkkaebi)
monsoon 장마 (jangma)
sunny 맑다 (malda)

Note: Minus temperatures (below zero temperatures) are said like this:

영하 7도 (yeongha 7do)

-7 degrees

Weather in Korean

To start, the term for weather in Korean is 날씨 (nalssi). In a simple definition, it is the state of the atmosphere often describing whether it is hot or cold, wet or dry, calm or stormy. Or it could be sunny, cloudy, windy, rainy, and stormy.

Hot in Korean

There are different terms for “hot” in Korean. In this topic, the term that we will use is 덥다 (deobda). This describes the hot environment or weather.

Cool in Korean

There are different terms and meanings for “cool”, but in this lesson, we’ll focus on it as an adjective describing the weather. The term for cool in Korean in this context is 시원해요 (shiwonhaeyo). However, if you want to know the other terms for “cool”, we have another article for how to say cool in Korean.

Dry in Korean

Dry in Korean is 건조 (geonjo). This is used to describe a period where the amount of rainfall is low. This is more common in tropical countries where there are only dry and wet seasons.

Humid in Korean

Humid in Korean is 습하다 (seupada). People often experience this temperature in the summertime.

Rain in Korean

The term for rain in Korean is 비 (bi), while the lighter version of rain, which is a shower in Korean is called 소나기 (sonagi). Also, umbrella in Korean is 우산 (usan). These go hand in hand so make sure you have your umbrella with you when it rains!

Wind in Korean

Don’t you just love it when there’s a cool breeze brought by the wind? The term for wind in Korean is 바람 (baram), while the air in Korean which is often associated with it is 공기 (gonggi).

Thunder in Korean

Thunder in Korean is 천둥 (cheondung). It’s something we can expect during thunderstorms and it often appears with lightning. Lightning in Korean is lightning 번개 (beongae).

Warm in Korean

This defines a temperature that contains heat but is not enough to be called hot. There are two terms for warm in Korean which are 따뜻하다, 포근하다 (ttatteuthada, pogeunhada). On the other hand, the temperature in Korean is called 온도 (ondo).

Blizzard in Korean

Blizzard in Korean is 눈보라 (nunbora). This is defined to be a very strong snowstorm.

Nature words in Korean

Here is some nature vocabulary in the Korean language to get you started on describing what the nature around you looks like.

Rural scene with natural tree.Vector illustration.Beautiful summer nature landscape.Forest with mountain and sky background.Garden green grass with bushes and trees.Trees and flower set flat style

air 공기 (gonggi)
arctic 북극의 (bukgeugui)
beach 해변 (haebyeon)
canyon 협곡 (hyeopgok)
cave 동굴 (donggul)
cliff 절벽 (jeolbyeok)
coast, shore 해안 (haean)
desert 사막 (samak)
field 들판 (deulpan)
forest 숲 (sup)
glacier 빙하 (bingha)
ice 얼음 (eoreum)
island 섬 (seom)
lake 호수 (hosu)
mountain 산 (san)
nature 자연 (jayeon)
ocean, sea 바다 (bada)
rainbow 무지개 (mujigae)
rainforest 우림 (urim)
river 강 (gang)
savanna 사바나 (sabana)
valley 계곡 (gyegok)
volcano 화산 (hwasan)
waterfall 폭포 (pokpo)
wildlife 야생 동물 (yasaeng dongmul)

Natural disaster words in Korean

One last set of vocabulary we’ll be teaching you today is the vocabulary for natural disasters in the Korean language. These may also be useful and even interesting to learn.

Natural disaster 자연 재해, 천재 (jayeon jaehae, cheonjae)
Earthquake 지진 (jijin)
Volcano eruption 화산 폭발 (hwasan pokbal)
Landslide, Avalanche 산사태 (sansatae)
Famine 기근 (gigeun)
Drought 가뭄 (gamum)
Hurricane 허리케인 (heorikein)
Tornado 회오리바람, 토네이도 (hoeoribaram, toneido)
Cyclone 사이클론 (saikeullon)
Typhoon 태풍 (taepung)
Flood 홍수 (hongsu)
Tsunami 쓰나미 (sseunami)
Extreme temperature 극한 기온 (geukan gion)
Wildfire 산불 (sanbul)

Additional related vocabulary to learn

Here are more words that will be crucial for you to learn in Korean:

Fire in Korean

There are two words for fire in Korean language, depending on how you are to use it.

The more common term for fire in Korean is 불 (bul). Specifically, this word means flame or the object of fire. This is the term you may use for the flame you see when cooking, for example. It’s also used to describe foods that are so hot they make your mouth feel like it’s on fire, like 불닭 (buldal), aka “fire chicken”. It’s also popular to call a Friday night out, playing with friends, a 불금 (bulgeum), so a “fire Friday”.

The other term for fire in Korean is 화재 (hwajae). When you see a house or a building or the equivalent on fire, this is the word to use. Specifically, it describes a disaster caused by something catching on fire.

Water in Korean

The term for water in Korean is 물 (mul). Many related words exist, but for water itself, this is the word you’ll want to use. We actually have a whole article dedicated to how to say water in Korean – perhaps a great lesson to take up next?

Sun in Korean

We have some vocabulary above for sunset and sunrise, but what’s the word for sun in Korean you may ask. Sun in Korean is called 해 (hae) which is the most common term used.

Sky in Korean

Sky in Korean is 하늘 (haneul). Looking up at the sky is how we often determine how the weather’s going to be like for the day.

Congratulations! You have now successfully reached the end of today’s highly informative lesson. So be sure to take some time to digest what you’ve just learned. But do come back after your break to tell us, using your newly learned vocabulary in the Korean language, something about your country’s climate or seasons!

The post Seasons & Weather in Korean – Know this for your next trip appeared first on 90 Day Korean®.

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