David Yonggi Cho and the Sukuk Scandal

I find it ironic that a religious leader like David Yonggi Cho, with his lenient attitude towards prosperity, would oppose Islamic bonds, or sukuk.

David Yonggi Cho, pastor of the Yoido Full Gospel Church, says Mr Lee’s government could be imperiling national security by reviving a bill to improve the tax climate for Islamic bond issuance. Mr Cho has retreated from remarks asking for the president to resign but is still getting mightily worked up about interest-free Islamic debt before Korea’s biggest congregations.

After being thwarted by similar sermons by radical pastors last year arguing Islamic bonds would finance terrorism, the government had hoped to resume legislation on tax breaks for sukuk early this year. But now the bill appears to be on ice again, with the government fearing any opposition from Christians before a series of by-elections in April. Protestants only make up about 18 per cent of the population but they are highly vocal and politically influential.

The government simply wants to give similar tax breaks to Islamic debt as those currently enjoyed by conventional bonds. Parliament’s tax sub-committee approved the idea without much ado as it makes commercial sense for Korea, which has deep commercial connections across the Middle East. Big Korean civil engineering companies are coming to dominate the Gulf market for infrastructure, refineries and power plants and want the ability to raise money more readily with Islamic bonds.

But that’s not how the Christians see it. One member of the parliamentary finance committee said he was inundated by objections from church-goers across the country, who feared that South Korea was going to become a hub of terror financing. Against such dogged foes, it is unclear whether the furore will die down after April.

The annoyance for Mr Lee is that he was looking to the Middle East to define two of South Korea’s intimately connected new “growth engines”: Islamic financing and nuclear power stations. Now both schemes are in choppy water.

Early last year, Seoul won a landmark $20bn contract to build atomic power stations in Abu Dhabi (absolutely the sort of mega project where sukuk could come in handy). This was meant to open the gates for Korea to become the reactor supplier of choice across the developing world. But that hasn’t happened. There is a lot of scepticism about whether Korea really can build four reactors so cheaply. Traditional atomic stalwarts France and Japan are profiting from the doubts about Korea, the nuclear industry’s plucky upstart.

Islamic debt was also symbolic. It was meant to show that Korea’s fusty financial markets were willing to experiment with new instruments, particularly because Islamic financing has been booming internationally.

At the moment, however, South Korea is more preoccupied with capital controls than financial expansion. It is also taking a fearful look at its interests in the Middle East, being swept by a tide of uprisings.

Or, if this intrusion into secular matters were rooted in opposition to certain aspects of nuclear energy policy, as Jung E-gil argues, Cho’s crusade might be legitimate. According to The Korea Times, Cho is a patriot:

The governing Grand National Party (GNP) has decided to stop deliberations on the sukuk bill as conservative Christian groups vowed to launch a no-vote drive against lawmakers who supported it.

The groups have been vehemently against the idea of allowing the trade of Islamic bonds because they believe that sukuk is “dangerous money.” They suspect that part of the profits from transactions could be used to support Islamic fundamentalists and terrorism.

I’ll leave the issue of separation of church and state alone. After his comments on that subject, though, I am feeling a new respect for Lee Hoi-chang. Just someone correct me if I’m wrong, but I smell corruption. I can’t accept the terrorism canard at face value. As Cho and his million-Christian army must have a stake in some game that stands to lose from sukuk investment or nuclear energy interests. Sean Hayes wonders about that, too. But, and read Hayes’ other post, I’m just too charitable an ignostic to call these fundamentalists “boneheads”.

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Filed under: Business/Economy, Korea, Politics, Religion Tagged: abu dhabi, christianity, david yonggi cho, gnp, lee myung bak, nuclear reactors, separation of church and state, South Korea, sukuk, terrorism, yoido full gospel church


Re: David Yonggi Cho and the Sukuk Scandal

It's sad that Pastor Cho is opposing these no interest banks.  God gave many over 13 principles about economics in the Bible that work far better than communism, socialism or capitalism when implemented. One of them was that righteous people should not lend money with interest, esp. not to the poor.

Ezekiel 18: 5 “Suppose a certain man is righteous and does what is just and right....7 He is a merciful creditor, not keeping the items given as security by poor debtors. He does not rob the poor but instead gives food to the hungry and provides clothes for the needy. 8 He grants loans without interest, stays away from injustice, is honest and fair when judging others, 9 and faithfully obeys my decrees and regulations. Anyone who does these things is just and will surely live, says the Sovereign Lord.

A few verses seem to indicate that this may have been limited to those of the same faith/nation at some point (Deuteronomy 23:19,20) .  But, later it seems more general.

Not charging interest is extremely wise. Interest is a way to steal from the poor in most cases.  Banks can make a profit and return profit on investments which the Bible says is what wise people do. This way it's win-win for both sides and both sides have an interest in each others' success. But, with interest it can easily be a win-lose proposition hurting mostly the poor.

One man pawned his wedding ring and to get it back he had to pay exorbitant weekly payments (interest only) soon costing him more than the ring cost to begin with.

Many nations are in big trouble because of interest payments and they are directly causing severe hunger and even death because people can't pay back the spiraling interest.  Banks unsound lending practices and other gambling in economics is causing huge economic problems and they try to raise interest rates. This causes a wave of defaults which force the banks to charge even higher interest.

In Nehemiah's time, many Jewish families had mortgage their lands and vineyards and houses to buy grain. They then had to borrow money to pay the king's tax on their lands and vineyards (today's property tax). It got so bad they had to sell their own children into slavery to pay on their debts. When Nehemiah heard of all this he became very angry and condemned this evil charging of interest (Nehemiah 5:7-13).

You can see a short overview of some of the Bible's principles in the 1st 4 videos I made years ago here:


Check out the links, esp. the free book "Economic Democracy" in the free book section at www.ied.info