Gayasa Temple – 가야사 (Busanjin-gu, Busan)
The ancient Iljumun Gate and temple grounds at Gayasa Temple in Busanjin-gu, Busan.
Hello Again Everyone!!
Gayasa Temple in Busan is located on the northern part of Mt. Palgeumsan (236m) in Busanjin-gu. The temple is located near downtown Seomyeon; and with the right angle, you can get some great views of Busan down below and the port off in the distance.
You first approach Gayasa Temple down some backstreets and up a slight incline in the mountain. The first thing to greet you is the leaf covered Iljumun Gate at the temple. Next, you’ll climb a set of stairs that are lined with beautiful, mature trees.
Finally, after climbing the set of uneven stone and cement stairs, you’ll come to the main temple ground. The original temple Iljumun Gate welcomes you to the temple courtyard. With its slender pillars and fading Manja (swastika) symbol in the centre, this Iljumun Gate gives a glimpse a bit further back into Korean Buddhist artwork and architecture.
To the right of the ancient Iljumun Gate is the temple’s main hall and pagoda. The five tiered stone pagoda looks newer in design. As for the main hall, the exterior walls are adorned with beautiful Shimu-do, Ox-Herding, murals. As for inside the Daeung-jeon main hall, you’ll see a triad of statues resting on the main altar. Seated in the centre is a statue of Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha). This statue is joined on either side by Munsu-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Wisdom) and Bohyeon-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Power). To the right of the main altar is an elaborate statue and mural dedicated to Gwanseeum-bosal (The Bodhisattva of Compassion). And to the left of the main altar is a golden capped statue of Jijang-bosal (The Bodhisattva of the Afterlife). Rounding out the artwork in the main hall is a Shinjung Taenghwa (guardian mural) that hangs on the far left wall.
To the left of the main hall and pagoda are commemorative tablets to the left and a beautiful pond. The large stone image of Gwanseeum-bosal sits behind the pond with her left foot raised. Praying in the middle of the pond is a stone image of a dongja (assistant).
Behind the pond, and up a set of stairs, are a pair of shrine halls. The first of the two is the Chilseong-gak. Have a look at the shrine hall’s signboard as you walk in. It’s absolutely stunning. As you step inside this shaman shrine hall, you’ll see a triad of statues resting on the main altar with an elaborate Chilseong mural backing these three statues. And painted on the wall is another incarnation of Chilseong (a rarity at Korean temples).
And the second of these two shaman shrine halls is the Sanshin/Dokseong-gak. Again, this shrine hall has a beautiful signboard hanging over the entry. Stepping inside, you’ll see beautiful, but rather traditional, images of Sanshin (The Mountain Spirit) to the left and Dokseong (The Lonely Saint) to the right.
HOW TO GET THERE: To get to Gayasa Temple, you’ll first need to ride the subway to Gaya Station, stop #221. Then, take exit #3. Head to your right and take the first major road that heads south. From there, you’ll cross a major road. Continue to head south towards the mountain. Eventually, you should be able to see the signs that guide you towards the temple. In total, from the subway, the walk should take 7 minutes, or 500 metres.
OVERALL RATING: 6/10. While not the largest or most elaborate temple that you’ll visit in Korea, Gayasa Temple in Busan definitely has some beautiful highlights like the pair of Iljumun Gates that welcome you to the temple, as well as the temple pond and pair of signboards that hang over the entries of the shaman shrine hall.
The first of two Iljumun Gates at Gayasa Temple.
The set of stairs that lead up to the main temple grounds.
The beautiful, old Iljumun Gate that frames the rest of the temple grounds.
The memorial shrines at the temple entry.
The Daeung-jeon main hall and five tier stone pagoda at Gayasa Temple.
One of the Shimu-do, Ox-Herding, murals that adorns the exterior walls to the main hall.
A look inside the Daeung-jeon Hall with Seokgamoni-bul (The Historical Buddha) seated in the centre of the main altar.
The statue of Gwanseeum-bosal and the two shaman shrine halls to the rear of the main hall.
A better look at the temple pond.
With Gwanseeum-bosal seated on the lip of the pond with a dongja praying towards her.
Inside the Chilseong-gak.
The mural that adorns an interior wall inside the Chilseong-gak.
The signboard that hangs above the entry to the Sanshin/Dokseong-gak shaman shrine hall.
The rather traditional mural dedicated to the Mountain Spirit, Sanshin.
Joined to the right by this painting of Dokseong, the Lonely Saint.